The Truth About Ethel Rosenberg

72 years ago today, Ethel Rosenberg, was arrested on suspicion of spying for the Soviet Union; this past June marks the 69th anniversary of her execution along with husband Julius, who’d been arrested a month earlier. . We’re lucky that a poet and historian has found a new way to tell her story. This new book, from Calkins Creek/Astra Books for Young Readers, could be a gift for DSA study groups and schools. We’re happy to present below an interview with its author,– Ed.

ETHEL’S SONG: ETHEL ROSENBERG’S LIFE IN POEMS (A Novel n Verse) by award-winning Jewish historian and poet, Barbara Krasner is the very first book about Ethel Rosenberg for teens.  It has been called “daring” by Publishers Weekly and showered with praise from Kirkus ReviewsETHEL’S SONG “read[s] like a thriller complete with passion, politics, and family betrayal.”

Barbara Krasner is the Director of the Mercer County Holocaust, Genocide & Human Rights Education Center and teaches in the English and History departments at several New Jersey colleges. She will earn her PhD in Holocaust and Genocide Studies from Gratz College in 2022 and has an MFA in Writing for Children & Young Adults from the Vermont College of Fine Arts. A Sydney Taylor Honor award winner, she publishes the popular blog, The Whole Megillah. Her poetry has appeared in journals like Nimrod, Paterson Literary Review, Cimarron Review, and others. Krasner lives in Somerset, NJ.

Most people know Julius and Ethel Rosenberg as Soviet spies. Weren’t they?
BARBARA KRASNER: Julius was a spy. He believed that he was helping the Soviets fights the Nazis. But he did not share atomic secrets.

Ethel was a product of poverty in lower Manhattan. She and thousands of others during the Great Depression believed that Communism would level the role that money would play so everyone could find a job and have enough to eat. But she was not a member of the Communist Party. She fell in love with Julius and the two of them set out to find a place for themselves as a young couple. She was a dutiful wife and always supported Julius’s work. The trial, in the spring of 1950, was a travesty. The verdict was predetermined before any ofthe proceedings began. While the Rosenbergs could have had more experienced counsel. I don’t think that the outcome would have been any different. Ethel’s Song, and indeed the Rosenberg story, is one of social injustice. They were unjustly accused, tried, and convicted of a crime they did not commit.

Why is it important for teens to know the real Ethel?
BK: Ethel’s Song is devoted to showing the many sides of this misunderstood American figure. Ethel was a woman of strong beliefs and she was dedicated to many causes. As an activist, she is relatable to young people today who want to stand up against social injustice. What happened to Ethel will also spark much debate on the fairness of the U.S. court system, the death penalty, the role of women, government overreach, and more.

Q: What will teens be surprised by?
BK: Teens will be surprised, as I was, that Julius, Ethel’s husband, did not speak up about his wife’s innocence. Readers might also be surprised that Ethel stood by her husband no matter the consequences. The couple believed, until the end, perhaps naively, that justice would prevail and their innocence would be recognized.

What was your research process?
BK: I consulted FBI files and the trial records and also interviewed Ethel’s son, Robert Meeropol. I also consulted a variety of secondary sources written by Rosenberg advocates, journalists and scholars. However, Ethel’s Song is a novel, not non-fiction. I invented dialogue and other aspects.

How did you establish Ethel’s voice?
BK: Ethel and Julius wrote many letters to each other while on death row at Sing Sing, the
federal prison in Ossining, NY. These letters provided the inspiration for her voice and his. She
was smart, articulate, and both she and Julius were well read.

Has America changed since the 1950s? Would Ethel’s life be any different today?
BK: Ethel’s Song shows how the times dictated her path. From giving up her dream ofcollege to help support her family financially during the Great Depression to valuing the leveling of the playing field between the have and have-nots, and ways to fight against Nazism, antisemitism, and prejudice in general.

How does Ethel’s story continue to have relevance today?
We are in a time today when violent acts of antisemitism remind us of the world’s longest hatred. We are in a time today when voices of the marginalized yearn to be heard. We are in a time today when social injustice occurs and people are standing up against it. Ethel’s story is more relevant today perhaps than at any other time before it.

Police mugshot of w:Ethel Rosenberg. ==License== *Source: [ U.S. National Archives and Record Administration] *Created by: Department of Justice, Office of the U.S. Attorney for the Southern Judicial District of New York
Police mugshot of w:Ethel Rosenberg. ==License== *Source: [ U.S. National Archives and Record Administration] *Created by: Department of Justice, Office of the U.S. Attorney for the Southern Judicial District of New York