Living, or Reliving, the African American Experience

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Photo/ Bill Mosley   

 By Bill Mosley

A measure of the incredible popularity of the Smithsonian’s new National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) is that this article is appearing more than three months after its Sept. 24 opening.  After the excitement of the opening week had passed, I went online hoping to get a free timed pass – a requirement for admission; the museum was so crowded it was turning away walk-ups – for the next week or two.  I was shocked to find the earliest slot I could book in advance was Dec. 13.

And so, on that chilly Tuesday I made my way to the now-familiar museum just east of the Washington Monument, a three-tiered wedding cake structure covered with spidery bronzed-aluminum latticework.  Minutes before the 10 am opening, dozens of pass-holders for that hour – mostly but not exclusively African Americans – were lined up outside the entrance to have their tickets scanned before proceeding through security.

After three-and-a-half months I was finally inside.  It was worth the wait. 

The NMAAHC is the long-in-the-works monument to the experience of persons of African descent in the United States, from the earliest days of slavery and indentured servitude through the election of Barack Obama as president.  In the manner of many museums created in recent decades, it sees its mission not as merely displaying artifacts – although it has no shortage of them – but telling a story from beginning to end. 

For those who have at least a passing acquaintance with African American history and culture, the museum offers no startling facts, no shocking revelations.  We all know of the horrors of slavery, the violence of the Jim Crow era, the courage and struggle that sustained the civil rights movement, the accomplishments of African American in literature, sports, politics, the arts and many other walks of life.  What the NMAAHC offers is at least as much a cathartic experience as an intellectual or educational one, an intense immersion in what it has meant to be black in American over some six centuries.

As recommended, I started in the history galleries in the museum’s lower level.  I was familiar with the origins of the slave trade in the early 16th century, but seeing shackles taken from the sunken slave ship São Jose made it uncomfortably real.  A bullwhip displayed along with a poster of a slave being flayed brought home the brutality of slavery as no textbook could.

After exhibits on the brief euphoria brought about by emancipation in 1865, the resurgence of white supremacy is illustrated by a Klansman’s hood and a magazine bearing the image of four black men, their necks in nooses, dangling from a tree.   As the story shifts to the civil rights years beginning in the 1950s, the stream of text and artifacts is broken at an exhibit on the 1960 segregation protest at the lunch counter of the Greensboro, NC, Woolworth, where the museum offers a “virtual lunch counter” at which visitors using touchscreens can put themselves in the shoes of the demonstrators and decide what they would have done in that situation.  (The museum displays one of the stools from the real lunch counter, while at the nearby National Museum of American History one can see a section of the counter itself and four stools).  Among the final images in the history galleries are of Barack Obama in the White House, bringing that phase of the story to its happy ending.

But the journey isn’t over yet.  One then can take the escalator or elevator to the “Cultural Galleries” on the upper level.  Here one encounters an explosion of African American achievements in music, the visual arts and drama in a single large space, where sights and sounds buffet the visitor from every direction.  Within a few steps one can see Chuck Berry’s Coupe de Ville, the P-Funk Mothership, a still photo of Cicely Tyson and Maya Angelou in Roots, paintings of Jacob Lawrence, and a film of James Brown in performance.  A similar treat for the senses are the “Community Galleries,” which highlight African American achievements in such fields as science, sports, business, medicine and the military – the sports galleries themselves could stand as an African American athletic hall of fame.  The next floor down features a variety of kid-friendly interactive displays in which visitors can practice dance steps or, on a more serious note, experience what it was like for African Americans to take car trips through the Deep South during the Jim Crow era.

The NMAAHC is a museum best visited in several trips, possibly a first one to get an overview of the place, and subsequent visits to focus on favorite galleries or exhibits.  It is a welcoming, open space, inviting visitors to linger over exhibits and wander the galleries at leisure.  Taking photos is encouraged, except in one room where it is prohibited – the space containing the coffin of Emmett Till, the teenager who was brutally lynched in Mississippi in 1955.

As a white visitor, I could not help but notice the visceral reaction of many African Americans to the exhibits.  The emotion on visitors’ faces, the tendency to linger before artifacts, the spirit of community that permeated the museum showed that for many this was not a place of dead history but real, lived experience.  More than a few visitors were old enough to remember the days of legal segregation, and even more had certainly heard of earlier deprivations from their parents and grandparents.  For them, this was not a textbook; this was life, a story of hardships overcome and victories too hard-won to ever go back.

This museum tells a story, and as such the story has an ending.  African Americans overcame centuries of oppression to record achievements in all walks of life, including the highest achievement of all – the election of one of their community as president.  But history keeps getting written, and the ending of this narrative at roughly 2008 omits much.  It was during the Obama years, after all, that police violence against African Americans rose to the forefront of the nation’s consciousness.  The election of Obama’s successor – a man who openly exploited racial fears in his campaign and inspired the recrudescence of a racist, nativist right wing – also would indicate that this happy ending might not stay so happy.

To preserve the gains celebrated in the museum’s galleries, it might be necessary to continue to draw inspiration from the displays on the resistance to institutional racism represented by the Greensboro sit-in, Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech, and the courageous activism of Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass and Fannie Lou Hamer.   The museum displays a quote by African American Studies professor Naomi Murakawa that sums up the incompleteness of the victory: “If the problem of the twentieth century was, in W.E.B. DuBois’s famous words, ‘the problem of the color line,’ then the problem of the twenty-first century is the problem of colorblindness, the refusal to acknowledge the causes and consequences of enduring racial stratification.”  Despite the real progress made in racial justice as seen in the museum’s exhibits, we have not yet reached the post-racial utopia, if we ever will.  But the NMAAHC reminds us how we got this far, and suggests how we might go further.

 

In recognition of national Black History Month.

 

Bill Mosely is a member of Washington, DC DSA.

Photo: John Carlos and Tommie Smith protest on the podium at the 1968 Olympics.

 

Individually signed posts do not necessarily reflect the views of DSA as an organization or its leadership. Democratic Left blog post submission guidelines can be found here.


 

Data Security for DSA Members

June 27, 2017

Ack! I googled myself and didn't like what I found!

WHAT: A DSA Webinar about "Doxing"
WHEN: 9PM EST, 6PM PST

We're proud of our organizing, and chapter work is transparent for both political and practical reasons. However, there are basic precautions you can take in this time of rapid DSA growth to protect your privacy.

Key Wiki is a website that meticulously documents DSA activity and posts it for the world to see. If you're an active DSA member, likely your name is on their website. This is an example of "doxing".

As DSA becomes larger, more visible, and more powerful, we might expect that more websites like this will pop up, and more of our members' information might be posted publicly on the web.

Join a live webinar on Tuesday, June 27 with data security expert Alison Macrina, to learn:

  1. what is doxing? with examples and ways to prevent it
  2. how to keep your passwords strong and your data secure
  3. where to find your personal info on the internet and how to get it removed
  4. social media best practices for DSA organizers
  5. what to do if you've already been doxed

Zoom Link: https://zoom.us/j/9173276528

Call-in Info: +1 408 638 0968
Meeting ID: 917 327 6528

Introduction to Socialist Feminism Call

June 27, 2017
· 77 rsvps

Join DSA activist Judith Gardiner to explore “socialist feminism.” How does it differ from other forms of feminism? How and when did it develop? What does it mean for our activism? 9 pm ET, 8 pm CT, 7 pm MT, 6 pm PT.

Introduction to Democratic Socialism

July 06, 2017
· 17 rsvps

Join Rahel Biru, NYC DSA co-chair, and Joseph Schwartz, DSA Vice-Chair, on this webinar for an overview of what we in Democratic Socialists of America mean when we talk about "socialism," "capitalism" and the goals of the socialist movement.  8 PM ET; 7 PM CT; 6 PM MT; 5 PM PT.

  1. This webinar is free for any DSA member in good standing.
  2. You need a computer with good internet access.
  3. Your computer must have headphones (preferred) or speakers; you can speak thru a mic or use chat to "speak".
  4. If you have questions, contact Joseph Schwartz, schwartzjoem@gmail.com.
  5. If you have technical questions, contact Tony Schmitt, schmittaj@gmail.com, 608-355-6568.

DSA New Member Orientation Call

July 09, 2017
· 2 rsvps

You've joined DSA - Great. Now register for this New Member Orientation call and find out more about our politics and our vision.  And, most importantly, how you can become involved.  9 PM ET; 8 PM CT; 7 PM MT; 6 PM PT.

Running for the National Political Committee

July 11, 2017
· 4 rsvps

Join this call to hear a presentation and ask questions about the role, duties and time commitment of a member of DSA's National Political Committee. In the meantime, check out the information already on our website about the NPC.

Film Discussion: Pride

September 10, 2017
· 12 rsvps

Join DSA members Eric Brasure and Brendan Hamill to discuss the British film Pride (2014). It’s 1984, British coal miners are on strike, and a group of gays and lesbians in London bring the queer community together to support the miners in their fight. Based on the true story of Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners. The film is available for rent on YouTube, Amazon, and iTunes. 8 ET/7 CT/6 MT/5 PT.

Film Discussion: Union Maids

September 24, 2017
· 11 rsvps

 

Join DSA member and labor historian Susan Hirsch in discussing Union Maids (1976). Nominated for an Academy Award, this documentary follows three Chicago labor organizers (Kate Hyndman, Stella Nowicki, and Sylvia Woods) active beginning in the 1930s. The filmmakers were members of the New American Movement (a precursor of DSA), and the late Vicki Starr (aka Stella Nowicki) was a longtime member of Chicago DSA and the Chicago Women's Liberation Union. It’s available free on YouTube, though sound quality is poor. 8ET/7CT/6MT/5PT.