Celebrate International Women's Day 2016

 cedaw1.jpg

By Peg Strobel

 Socialist women--American socialist women at that--began the tradition of International Women's Day (IWD).

 First celebrated as National Woman's Day in New York on February 23, 1909, IWD has come to be identified with March 8. Because of its socialist origins, IWD events historically have addressed broad issues of war, peace, inequality, democracy, working conditions, and living standards--not only women's "rights." IWD has become an opportunity both to call for change within nations and to express international solidarity.

 IWD emerged out of the American Socialist Party's adoption in 1908 of women's suffrage. According to historian Temma Kaplan, "In both the United States and Europe, socialists had taken a back seat to suffragists in fighting for the vote because they viewed women's political rights as subordinate to the economic advancement of the male working class. Throughout the world, leftists had associated women's votes with conservatives, and the Americans were no exception."

 But European socialist women, led by Clara Zetkin, long time editor of the German Social Democratic Party's women's newspaper and fierce critic of bourgeois feminism, pushed for women's equality. By 1911, European socialists had also adopted IWD (though not as March 8, but rather March 18, on the fortieth anniversary of the Paris Commune). By 1915, the focus of U.S. and European socialists' IWD events became the war and its consequences (even while factions within European Social Democratic parties supported the war).

 Then, in 1917 in Petrograd, Russia, a huge demonstration of women protested deteriorating living conditions on February 23 (by the Gregorian calendar, which is March 8 by the Western calendar). Four days later, Czar Nicholas II abdicated. While European socialists continued the March 8 tradition, Lenin in 1922 declared it to be a Communist holiday (assisted by Zetkin, who had by then become a Communist).

 In 1936, La Pasionaria, a leader of the Spanish Communist Party, led an IWD march in Madrid, calling upon the masses to defend the Republic from the Fascists.

cedaw2.jpgAlthough socialist and communist women often utilized IWD to mobilize women around broad issues, at times the day offered a platform from which to challenge their movements. Writer and Chinese Communist Party (CCP) member Ding Ling chose March 8, 1942, to issue her criticism of Mao and other leaders in the CCP in Yenan, the stronghold from which they staged their civil war with the nationalist Guomindang. While acknowledging that women had shortcomings, she identified ways in which female CCP revolutionaries were treated as second-class. She was accused as a rightist for these "Thoughts on March 8" and for writing about women's sexual desires.

International Women's Day remained a socialist and communist celebration, and its celebration in the U.S. faded with the declining fortunes of socialism here. In the late 1960s, socialist feminists resurrected it as a way to raise consciousness about women's issues within a broad human rights perspective. For example, the Chicago Women's Liberation Union, whose membership overlapped significantly with the New American Movement, one of DSA's founding groups, regularly celebrated IWD, often together with the Puerto Rican Socialist Party.

For the history of IWD, see Temma Kaplan, “On the Socialist Origins of International Women's Day," Feminist Studies 11 (Spring 1985), 163-71. The quotation is from p. 165.

 

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A member of Chicago DSA, Peg Strobel is on DSA's National Political Committee and co-chairs DSA’s Feminist Working Group.

Poster for Women's Day, March 8, 1914. Claiming voting right for women. Public domain, from  Wikipedia.

 

IWD leaflet, 1976. Personal archives.

 

 

 

 

DSA Queer Socialists Conference Call

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· 36 rsvps

DSA is in the process of forming a Queer Socialists Working Group. This call will cover a discussion of possible activities for the group, its proposed structure, assigning tasks, and reports on the revision of DSA's LGBT statement and on possible political education activities. 9 pm ET/8 pm CT/7 pm MT/6 pm PT.

 

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· 51 rsvps

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DSA Webinar: Talking About Socialism

May 02, 2017
· 6 rsvps

Practice talking about socialism in plain language. Create your own short rap. Prepare for those conversations about socialism that happen when you table in public.

Join us for our latest organizing training for democratic socialist activists: DSA’s (Virtual) Little Red Schoolhouse.

This training is at 9:00pm Eastern, 8:00pm Central, 7:00pm Mountain, 6:00pm Pacific, 5:00pm Alaska, and 3:00pm Hawaii Time. Please RSVP.

Instructor:

Steve Max, DSA Vice Chair and one of the founders of the legendary community organizing school, The Midwest Academy

In Talking About Socialism you will learn to:

  • Have a quick response ready to go next time someone asks you about democratic socialism.
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  • Use your personal experience and story to explain democratic socialism.
  • Think through the most important ideas you want to convey about democratic socialism.
  • Have a concise explanation of what DSA does, for your next DSA table, event or coalition meeting.

Training Details

  • This workshop is for those who have already had an introduction to democratic socialism, whether from DSA's webinar or from other sources.
  • If you have a computer with microphone, speakers and good internet access, you can join via internet for free.
  • If you have questions, contact Theresa Alt <talt@igc.org> 607-280-7649.
  • If you have very technical questions, contact Tony Schmitt <schmittaj@gmail.com> 608-335-6568.
  • Participation requires that you register at least 45 hours in advance, by midnight Sunday.

 

DSA New Member Orientation Call

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· 45 rsvps

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